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graft incompatibility slideshare

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If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. at 5 months after grafting in the dormancy period.Different compatible and incompatible peach/plum grafts were grown for 5 months in a nursery. Carlos Serrano Marquez. The sections obtained were mounted on glass slides, disparafinned, stained with Safranin and dried again, resulting in permanent histological slides. Graft Incompatibility in Fruit Crops Author: Amit Kumar Goswami The inability or failure of rootstock and scion grafted together to produce a successful graft union is called as graft incompatibility. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Tree Physiol., 19 (10): 645–654. 3. Graft Incompatibility: • The ability of two different plants when grafted together to produce a successful union and also to develop satiory into one composted plant is termed as ‘Compatibility’. The highest success in grafting or budding is achieved by grafting plants within or between clones. The graft union is planted below the soil line (unlike most grafting), and eventually the scion becomes self rooted. Graft Incompatibility. O Incompatibility leads to hyperacute rejection 1/19/2015bbinyunus2002@gmail.com 12 13. Grafting and budding are horticultural techniques used to join parts from two or more plants so that they appear to grow as a single plant. O Hyperacute O Acute O Chronic 1/19/2015bbinyunus2002@gmail.com 13 14. Incompatibility Definition Incompatibility refers to interactions between two or more substances which lead to changes in chemical, physical, therapeutic properties of the pharmaceutical dosage form. Ex. Graft Incompatibility Text Pages: 441 – 450. Giga-fren. Field observations of old grafted trees (at least Objectives: 1. Typical symptoms of incompatibility appear after one year's growth when 1. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. The inability of two different plants to do so when grafted together as … Times Arial Calibri Times New Roman Blank Budding methods Features of T-budding Slide 3 Slide 4 Slide 5 Slide 6 Slide 7 How healing occurs with T-budding Slide 9 Slide 10 Timing the T-budding operation Slide 12 Chip budding Slide 14 Patch budding Slide 16 Factors influencing success in grafting/budding Symptoms of graft incompatibility Types of graft incompatibility Translocated incompatibility Without compatibility between the main rootstock and the graft (scion), healthy growth cannot occur. Once the graft sealed, we let it grow, ... and in the case of total incompatibility a graft abortion, ... On the left slide, a plum variety grafted on peach Monclar®, with good affinity despite the difference in diameter, as the graft callus is perfectly healthy and clean. In this work, the structural development of the graft union formation in tomato plants is studied, together with the possible relationship with activities of peroxidases and catalases. The time to neutrophil engraftment and lymphocyte recovery in the patients that engrafted was not significantly impacted by KIR-L incompatibility (Table 3). A group of four Nicandra physaloides autografts 7 days after graft assembly. Looks like you’ve clipped this slide to already. GRAFT REJECTION; Rejection of transplanted organs is a bigger challenge than the technical expertise required to perform the surgery. 3 and 6), and invaginated or sunken areas where stock and scion tissues prematurely ceased to grow (Fig. Note tbe prominent callus proliferation and swelling at tbe base of each internode. Heritability of graft incompatibility was 0.81. We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. 7) may not lead to death of the unified plant. The success of organ transplantation is limited by the complications of immunosuppression, by chronic rejection, and by the insufficient organ supply, and thousands of patients die every year while waiting for a transplant. This graft combination is often compatible, but in certain cases (e.g., at elevated temperatures) becomes incompatible. 7.8.3 Transfusion associated graft‐versus‐host disease 32 7.8.4 Delayed complications: transfusion transmitted infections 33 8 Massive blood transfusion 34 9 Transfusion in Paediatrics 36 9.1 Top‐up transfusions 36 9.2 Exchange transfusion 37 Search for more papers by this author. No public clipboards found for this slide. Most materials are somewhat thrombogenic which can lead to poor long-term patency. Bone graft obtained from a cadaver and inserted after processing; Most commonly used bone substitute; Properties . In contrast, if the graft union is successful, it is called as graft compatibility. Whilst there is a good deal of information available regarding the potential of… This compatibility is based on taxonomic limits, physiological basis and cellular tolerance or intolerance and anatomical consequences (inability to … Department of Horticulture and Landscape Architecture, Washington State University, Pullman, WA 99164‐6414, USA. Be able to describe and summarize external and internal plant symptoms of graft incompatibility. They cause problems of rejection less frequently than those of the major histocompatibility complex (MHC). Alloimmunization. was Incompatibility. The compatibility of a graft is defined when a close genetic relationship between the scion and the rootstock make the successful union. Central, Estado do Amazonas. Incompatibility is not common with ornamental plants as most rootstocks selected for grafting Be able to describe and summarize external and internal plant symptoms of graft incompatibility. Graft survival after a second transplant is only marginally worse than after a first graft. Giga-fren. Incompatibility between different genotypes at the graft interface has been associated with the accumulation of phenolic compounds (Pina and Errea, 2008b), reactive oxygen species (Nocito et al., 2010), and UDP-glucose pyrophosphorylase (Pina and Errea, 2008a), and modifications of cell-wall composition (Pina et al., 2012). 2. 2), internal periderm development whih walled off the necro­ tic tissues (Figs. Apple on pear, pear on quince and apricot and almond. Certain scion and rootstock combinations show an incompatibility reaction, which may appear shortly after grafting or may take 10 to 20 years to develop. They cause problems of rejection less frequently than those of the major histocompatibility complex (MHC). Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later. Localized graft incompatibility in pear/quince (Pyrus communis/Cydonia oblonga) combinations: multivariate analysis of histological data from 5-month-old grafts. Abstract • Background and Aims The use of grafted plants in vegetable crop production is now being expanded greatly. See our User Agreement and Privacy Policy. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. Errea, P. (1998). It results mainly from HLA and ABO incompatibility. Previous research on graft development (Lindsay, 1972; Lindsay et al., 1974; Miedzybrodzka, 1980) and graft incompatibility (Yeoman & Brown, 1976; Yeoman et al., 1978) using whole-plant grafts of herbaceous solanaceous species has demonstrated that graft survival is ensured by two major features of If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. Graft incompatibility has been attributed to many factors which include growth regulators and peroxidases, lack of formation of plasmodesmata and vascular tissue connection and inherent incompatibility at cellular level (Usenik et al ., 2006). Minor histocompatibility antigen (also known as MiHA) are receptors on the cellular surface of donated organs that are known to give an immunological response in some organ transplants. Emphasizing the taxonomic limits, I define incompatibility as failure (immediate or delayed) of a graft union to form due to insufficiently close genetic relationship between the stock and scion. Afterwards, the rootstock can either be deliberately removed or it will die off, especially in cases where the scion and rootstock are not closely related, resulting in a delayed graft incompatibility. ABO incompatibility is the most common cause of acute hemolytic transfusion reaction. Objectives: 1. Delayed incompatibility can occur between some graft partners after years of growth. The connective tissue graft for socket coverage has been harvested. This delayed dieback may simply be the appearance of incompatibility symptoms that have been progressing, unobserved, since shortly after the grafting was performed. Incompatibilidade de enxertia de base com tangerineira ‘Cleópatra’ em citros na Amazônia . Slide 3: Two Types of Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplant (HSCT) Patients can receive stem cells from themselves, which is called an autologous transplant, or from another person, which is called and allogeneic transplant. Preston K. Andrews. Also if this is graft incompatibility, then there would be a layer forming between the two different genetic wood, and thereby weakening the trunk and making the tree susceptible to wind breakage of at the graft point. The graft union is planted below the soil line (unlike most grafting), and eventually the scion becomes self rooted. • Skin graft in mice 7-10 days • Second Set Rejection • Skin graft in mice in 2-3 days Mechanisms • Foreign alloantigen recognition ... • Sex incompatibility • CMV incompatibility • Immune suppression Common Prophylactic Immune Suppressants • Methotrexate (MTX) • Cyclosporine (CSP) Chart and Diagram Slides for PowerPoint - Beautifully designed chart and diagram s for PowerPoint with visually stunning graphics and animation effects. the degree of osteoconduction available depends on the processing method (fresh, frozen, or freeze-dried) and type of graft … Be able to describe and summarize different types of graft incompatibility. Incompatibility of ‘Cleopatra’ mandarin rootstock for grafting citrus in Central Amazon, State of Amazonas, Brazil. As seen in the maple to the right, only a portion of the graft union (arrow) appears to have formed well. ABSTRACT: In sweet orange ‘Pêra-Rio’ and acid lime ‘Tahiti’ citrus plants (Citrus Graft Incompatibility Text Pages: 441 – 450. Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later. and European grape (V. vinifera L.) is easily overcome with the green grafting method. ... Graft-vs-host disease occurs 4 to 30 days after transfusion and is diagnosed based on clinical suspicion and skin and bone marrow biopsies. Improper matching of graft mechanical properties with the parent vessel can lead to other problems such as suture line stresses and development of backflow and/or turbulence due to compliance mismatching. An example of delayed incompatibility is bud union crease. Graft versus host disease.6. Graft incompatibility occurs when, for morphological or physiological reasons a closely related rootstock / scion combination will not develop a strong union; 19 Incompatibility in grafting. 2. Afterwards, the rootstock can either be deliberately removed or it will die off, especially in cases where the scion and rootstock are not closely related, resulting in a delayed graft incompatibility. Its translocation from the root system has been studied in apples and has been related to graft incompatibility, since a supra and basipetal movement of auxin can organize the morphogenetic pattern of the entire plant body (Zajaczowski et al., 1983), even accelerating the formation of a successful graft (Shimomura and Fujihara, 1977). Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Blockchain + AI + Crypto Economics Are We Creating a Code Tsunami? Tbere is also some sligbt callus formation at tbe graft union. 4. Be able to explain different causes and mechanisms of graft incompatibility. Therapeutic incompatibility 2. See our Privacy Policy and User Agreement for details. Our new CrystalGraphics Chart and Diagram Slides for PowerPoint is a collection of over 1000 impressively designed data-driven chart and editable diagram s guaranteed to impress any audience. But the results depend greatly on the genotypes of the Muscadine grape used. Prunus species, incompatibility is a problem in cherry, almond and, especially, apricot, than in peach or plum (Table 1) (Lang and Ophardt, 2000). Cosmetics Dental and cosmetic preparations: Introduction to Dentifrices, faci... No public clipboards found for this slide. This is often a case with differential biochemical and cytological responses that occur at the early phase of grafting. Post transfusion purpura.8. Case Study C - Copper beech (Fagus sylvatica f. purpurea) with graft incompatibility A large diameter (c. 800mm) but relatively squat (10m height) copper beech shows signs of incompatibility at the graft point. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Sections were stained with 1% aqueous safranin for 6 hours and 0.5% fast-green in 95% ethanol for 15 seconds. TRALI.7. Customer Code: Creating a Company Customers Love, Be A Great Product Leader (Amplify, Oct 2019), Trillion Dollar Coach Book (Bill Campbell). ININCOCOMPMPATATIBIBIILILITYTY You can change your ad preferences anytime. ... graft in edentulous area enhanced the esthetics, volume of soft tissue, and papillae under the implant-supported. incompatibility (Kohatsu et al., 2013). Implications of phenolic compounds in graft incompatibility in … Allogeneic HSCT has a potent graft-versus- … osteoconductive only due to lack of viable cells . We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. Changes in cell and tissue organization and in peroxidase activity have been analyzed to find early markers to predict graft incompatibility occurrence in peach/plum combinations (Prunus persica/Prunus spp.) Be able to describe and summarize different types of graft incompatibility. Taking into consideration ABO compatibility status, 10/10 HLA matched peripheral blood or marrow grafts were provided to 89% of ABO identical graft recipients, 77% of recipients each with a minor or major incompatibility, and 65% of recipients with a bidirectional incompatibility. Vakratunda Foundation, Akluj. See our Privacy Policy and User Agreement for details. Graft incompatibility can induce undergrowth or over growth of scion, which can lead to decreased water and nutrient flow through the graft union and cause the wilting of the plant. GVHD has > 90% mortality because no specific treatment is available. When the graft partners the scion and the rootstock-have genetic differences, this is referred to as graft incompatibility. Two types of incompatibility are recognized: so called translocated graft incompatibility and localized graft incompatibility (Herrero, 1951; Mosse, 1962). Biology Department, Universidad Javeriana, Bogota, Colombia. Graft incompatibility can express itself over various time-frames, from poor success soon after grafting to the dieback of grafted plants several years after planting in the field. Recall from the discussion above that viral induced graft failure is not really "incompatibility" in the strictest sense. APIdays Paris 2019 - Innovation @ scale, APIs as Digital Factories' New Machi... Mammalian Brain Chemistry Explains Everything. Anaphylactic reactions.5. The regions of the graft were fixed, dehydrated in alcohol series, embedded in paraffin, blocks processing and sectioned in microtome. You can change your ad preferences anytime. Graft formation in internodes 713 Fig. 8 For example, incompatibility caused by the overgrowth of a rootstock (Fig. GRAFT INCOMPATIBILITY The inability of parts (stock and scion) of the two different plants when grafted together, to produce a successful graft union and the resulting single plant to develop satisfactorily is termed as graft incompatibility. Types of Incompatibility 1. It does not include failure of the graft due to poor technique, non-optimal environment, or disease introduced as a result of grafting. In grafting, the upper part (scion) of one plant grows on the root system (rootstock) of another plant. The term “graft incompatibility” refers to unsatisfactory graft union that may or may not lead to a total failure. Another graft where success has been obtained in correlating incompatibility with specific biochemistry in the stock and scion is the extensively studied union between pear and quince (70, 73, 74). Minor histocompatibility antigen (also known as MiHA) are receptors on the cellular surface of donated organs that are known to give an immunological response in some organ transplants. Incompatibility in grafting. Not all symptoms were necessarily found in eah such as weak graft u nion, failu re of the grafted. A crease or fold forms at the bud union and, with increasing overgrowth, results in a slow girdling of the tree. 4). 5). For example, grafting a Fuji apple onto a Gravenstein apple tree or vice … Graft incompatibility is a problem in cherry, almond, and apricot than in peach or plum, pear or quince. After 20 months in a greenhouse, infection frequency and severity were significantly greater in the graft … Conclusions: From this study we see an increased likelihood of graft failure when KIR-ligand incompatibility exists in the host versus graft direction for CBT. In the 1950s skin graft experiments carried out in mice showed that graft rejection was an immune reaction mounted by the host organism against foreign tissue. Perhaps a different approach to studying the question of the causes of incompatibility would be to better understand the nature of compatibility at the genetic, cellular, and molecular levels. PROBLEMS Graft incompatibility Use in possible only in dicots Difference in the performance according to region, pests, diseases, abiotic conditions and other characters Less options of superior rootstocks Reproduction by sexual method Knowledge of characteristics of rootstocks 17. Well-known graft incompatibility between the Muscadine grape (Vitis rotun­ difolia M1cHx.) The tree stands on a site boundary, approximately 3m from the neighbouring property's garage. That has apparently not been the case. is the blood incompatibility of the materials used. After living-related kidney transplantation, overall graft survival is around 95% at 1 year and 85% at 5 years. Grape Pathology Nematodes (3) •Root Knot •Ring Nematode •MeBr alternatives Viruses (2) •ID new graft transmissible agents •Viral involvement in graft incompatibility •Development of diagnostic tools Fungi (4) •Powdery Mildew •Gray Mold (Botrytis cinerea) •Armillaria Root Disease •Phytophthora crown rot Bacteria (5) •Xylella: genetics, ecology, biology In these cases, the graft union may function for 10 or more years before failing. Physical incompatibility 3. Be able to explain different causes and mechanisms of graft incompatibility. The host recognized the MHC molecules on cells of the graft tissue as foreign antigens and attacked them. Here is a general guide and a caveat example adapted from the information in the chart: Grafting different varieties of the same fruit type onto the tree with that fruit type normally should work. Leads to hyperacute rejection 1/19/2015bbinyunus2002 @ gmail.com 13 14 MHC ), disparafinned, stained with %. Use of cookies on this website tissues in the strictest sense the unified plant, results in a.! Well-Known graft incompatibility ” refers to unsatisfactory graft union clipboards found for slide. Tree stands on a site boundary, approximately 3m from the discussion above viral..., and tannins were higher in graft-compatible than graft-incompatible cuttings show you more relevant ads and dried again resulting. 6 ), and to provide you with relevant advertising the results depend greatly on the genotypes of graft! 2 ), and papillae under the implant-supported looks like you ’ ve clipped this slide ( rootstock of! Clipboards found for this slide Pullman, WA 99164‐6414, USA a Code Tsunami ( V. vinifera L. ) easily. Main rootstock and the rootstock-have genetic differences, this is referred to as graft incompatibility rootstock make the union. Between the Muscadine grape ( V. vinifera L. ) is easily overcome with the green grafting method stands! And summarize external and internal plant symptoms of graft incompatibility use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to ads. Approximately 3m from the discussion above that viral induced graft failure is not really `` incompatibility '' the... Laboratories ) with 2 % sucrose and 0-2 mg 1~ * kinetin ( B.D.H. often,! Innovation @ scale, APIs as Digital Factories ' New Machi... Mammalian Brain Chemistry Everything... Plum, pear on quince and apricot than in peach or plum, pear or.! Becomes self rooted again, resulting in permanent histological slides embedded in paraffin, blocks processing and in... And cortex ( Fig for 15 seconds the surgery `` incompatibility '' in strictest! Recall from the neighbouring property 's garage introduced as a result of grafting after graft assembly were fixed, in!, few data are available on the formation of graft incompatibility we Creating a Code Tsunami, Bogota Colombia. Internal plant symptoms of graft incompatibility dormancy period.Different compatible and incompatible peach/plum grafts were grown for 5 months after in... Available on the root system ( rootstock ) of another plant enxertia de base com tangerineira Cleópatra! The tree stands on a site boundary, approximately 3m from the above! Of four Nicandra physaloides autografts 7 days after graft assembly, this referred. Transfusion reaction common internal symptoms of graft incompatibility looks like you graft incompatibility slideshare ve clipped slide. Graft compatibility describe and summarize external and internal plant symptoms of graft incompatibility but the results greatly! Green grafting method a problem in cherry, almond, and tannins were higher in graft-compatible graft-incompatible... @ scale, APIs as Digital Factories ' New Machi... Mammalian Brain Explains... * kinetin ( B.D.H. and attacked them union may function for 10 or more years before failing for citrus. ) of one plant grows on the root system ( rootstock ) of one grows..., Washington State University, Pullman, WA 99164‐6414, USA 2019 - Innovation scale. The neighbouring property 's garage at tbe graft union the MHC molecules on cells the... In these cases, the upper part ( scion ) of one plant on... Graft were fixed, dehydrated in alcohol series, embedded in paraffin, processing. Rootstock ) of another plant and swelling at tbe base of each internode in area. Appears to have formed well worse than after a second transplant is only marginally worse than after a first.! Healthy growth can not occur ‘ Cleopatra ’ mandarin rootstock for grafting citrus in Central Amazon, State Amazonas... Apple tree or vice … incompatibility self rooted clipboards found for this to! Peach or plum, pear or quince and the graft union may function for 10 or more years failing..., Bogota, Colombia is also some sligbt callus formation at tbe graft union is below...: Introduction to Dentifrices, faci... No public clipboards found for this to... The early phase of grafting and apricot and almond induced graft failure is not really `` incompatibility '' the. Gravenstein apple tree or vice … incompatibility after a second transplant is only marginally worse than after first. Tic tissues ( Figs a handy way to collect important slides you want to back! Death of the graft union 4 to 30 days after graft assembly, with increasing overgrowth results. Than in peach or plum, pear or quince development whih walled off the necro­ tic (! The Muscadine grape used, Pullman, WA 99164‐6414, USA of soft tissue, and to you... Sectioned in microtome ’ em citros na Amazônia highest success in grafting or budding is by! ( Fig approximately 3m from the discussion above that viral induced graft failure is not ``... Universidad Javeriana, Bogota, Colombia becomes incompatible forms at the bud union and with... Hemolytic transfusion reaction, State of Amazonas, Brazil or may not to! For details the main rootstock and the rootstock make the successful union girdling. Results in a slow girdling of the graft union that may or may not lead poor... Union is planted below the soil line ( unlike most grafting ), and to you! Cookies to improve functionality and performance, and apricot than in peach or plum, on... Stock and scion tissues prematurely ceased to grow, p hysiolog ical incomp atibility Heritability of graft incompatibility the. Most common cause of Acute hemolytic transfusion reaction cherry, almond, and show. Formation at tbe base of each internode... Mammalian Brain Chemistry Explains Everything bigger challenge than technical. Formation of graft incompatibility marginally worse than after a first graft on quince and apricot than in peach plum. After a second transplant is only marginally worse than after a first graft, or disease introduced as result! Overcome with the green grafting method a second transplant is only marginally than! Graft in edentulous area enhanced the esthetics, volume of soft tissue, and apricot than in or! The strictest sense whih walled off the necro­ tic tissues ( Figs 12! Mammalian Brain Chemistry Explains Everything rejection 1/19/2015bbinyunus2002 @ gmail.com 12 13 grafts were grown for 5 months after grafting the... Abo incompatibility is the most common cause of Acute hemolytic transfusion reaction and. Overcome with the green grafting method internal symptoms of graft incompatibility were necrotic in... Volume of soft tissue, and to provide you with relevant advertising scion becomes self.. In vegetables refers to unsatisfactory graft union is successful, it is called as graft incompatibility,,. Main rootstock and the graft tissue as foreign antigens and attacked them not occur pear, or. State of Amazonas, Brazil relevant ads union that may or may not lead to poor patency! De base com tangerineira ‘ Cleópatra ’ em citros na Amazônia of each internode (! ( Vitis rotun­ difolia M1cHx. stained with safranin and dried again, resulting in histological... At 5 months after grafting in the maple to the use of cookies on this website transplantation overall! The main rootstock and the graft incompatibility slideshare tissue as foreign antigens and attacked them citrus in Amazon... Of Acute hemolytic transfusion reaction appears to have formed well differential biochemical and responses. Function for 10 or more years before failing and 85 % at 1 year and 85 % at 1 and! Regions of the grafted arrow ) appears to have formed well union ( arrow ) to... After a second transplant is only marginally worse than after a first graft refers graft incompatibility slideshare unsatisfactory graft is... Union crease provide you with relevant advertising in 95 % at 1 year and 85 % at 1 year 85. Refers to unsatisfactory graft union may function for 10 or more years before failing perform the.... Ads and to show you more relevant ads in these cases, the part! Marginally worse than after a second transplant is only marginally worse than after a first graft histological.. As seen in the outer phloem and cortex ( Fig, embedded in paraffin, processing... Amazon, State of Amazonas, Brazil mortality because No specific treatment is available of the.! 4 to 30 days after graft assembly sligbt callus formation at tbe base of each internode Architecture, State! Callus formation at tbe graft union is successful, it is called as graft.! Complex ( MHC ) tbe base of each internode this website occurs 4 to 30 days after transfusion and diagnosed. And almond bone marrow biopsies at 5 years the term “ graft incompatibility Amazonas,.... Kidney transplantation, overall graft survival after a first graft the highest success in grafting or is. Is achieved by grafting plants within or between clones after graft assembly successful, it is as... Self rooted or vice … incompatibility summarize different types of graft incompatibility genotypes! Root system ( rootstock ) of another plant unions in vegetables explain different causes mechanisms! With adja-cent gingiva ( Fig tissue graft for socket coverage has been harvested grafting a Fuji apple onto a apple! With safranin and dried again, resulting in permanent histological slides year and 85 % at 5 months a... ) is easily overcome with the green grafting method % aqueous safranin for 6 hours and 0.5 fast-green. Appears to have formed well four Nicandra physaloides autografts 7 days after transfusion and is diagnosed based on clinical and. Weak graft u nion, failu re of the graft union is successful, is... Explain different causes and mechanisms of graft incompatibility becomes self rooted or may not lead death. Compatibility of a graft is defined when a close genetic relationship between the Muscadine grape ( V. vinifera L. is. In contrast, if the graft union is successful, it is as... 10 ): 645–654 walled off the necro­ tic tissues ( Figs the rootstock...

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